About Marpat Camo Fabric
Marpat Camo uses small dabs of color on the fabric to supply camouflage for use in many different situations.
The concept using miniature samples of color for camouflage, instead of large splashes has been around for many years. DuringWW2, it is known that German troops used various different styles of camouflage such as the current German Flecktarn.
There have been 3 MARPAT pattern designs created in use today. These are the Woodland, Desert, and Urban Marpat Camo designs. At this time only the Woodland and Desert designs are used in the Marine Corps, replacing the previous U.S. Woodland pattern camouflage and the original U.S. Three Color Desert camo patterns. The Urban pattern hasn't yet been approved to be used by the military for everyday use.
A Snow Marpat pattern has recently been developed to use in conjunction with cold temperature military training over-clothes. Authentic Marpat Material is identified by an eagle, Globe, and Anchor emblem. These can be seen to be integrated into the camo pattern material in both of the two Marpat Camo designs; the Woodland and Desert MARPAT textiles.
MARPAT designs are created by highly complex fractal equations which create a non-repeating pattern. The objectives of the scanned pattern is to match the visual texture of typical visual skills. When seen in comparison to some whitened background, MARPAT CAMO pattern does look quite surprising and appears to trap attention. When utilized in an operative environment, its textured appearance has few hard edges, making it a lot more efficient than the traditional designs of camouflage material patterns commonly used.
The USMC design team responsible for developing camouflage material created over 150 different designs before choosing the final three samples that met their initial objectives of protecting the troops with the best camouflage material they could design. At that tome there were were two different versions of Tiger stripes available, as well as the former style of British DPM. This used colors from Rhodesia. These three samples were then redesigned, using new shapes and different color blends, to allow far more effective uniform designs within a wide range of conditions.Today, the influence from the Tiger stripes still be observed in MARPAT designs.
These brand new camo material designs were tested in various conditions such as day and night training. The MARPAT designs did extremely well within their wet uniform tests and when used with evening vision while illuminated with IR. Area testing for Marpat Camo started in 2001 and the uniform first started in 2002.The normal textile designs appear like a solid color of camouflage, whereas the MARPAT, as favored by U.S. Military gives a fractal pattern camouflage. This MARPAT pattern was tested against seven other designs in the USMC Scout Sniper Instructor School.
More about Marpat Camo History